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Learn how to apply and meet admission requirements for the Anesthesiology Residency Program at The University of New Mexico School of Medicine.

Anesthesiology Residency

The Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine at The University of New Mexico School of Medicine, located in Albuquerque, offers students a four-year nationally accredited anesthesiology training program. The residency includes a transitional year internship and three years of clinical anesthesiology. 

The anesthesiology residency program has produced a steady stream of excellent graduates who practice across the nation in both private and academic environments. Graduates will be fully prepared to enter a variety of careers including:

  • General anesthesiology practice
  • Additional fellowship training in a subspecialty
  • Academic medicine

Excellent Learning Environment

Our basic science laboratory is designed to encourage and nurture residents interested in combining basic science and clinical research. In addition, the program runs an ASA-accredited MOCA simulation center that trains residents in real world crisis management skills. Our commitment to providing a great learning environment for resident education earned us the maximum five-year credentialing period in our last ACGME accreditation visit.

Currently, the program offers eight house staff spots per clinical anesthesia year. The department also employs 33 midlevel providers and 58 faculty members who received training at some of the finest institutions in the country and abroad. The department is fully represented in all subspecialties of anesthesiology.

Residents train at several sites:

  • UNM Hospital, the state’s only Level I Trauma Center
  • UNM Children’s Hospital
  • Outpatient Surgery
  • Imaging Services
  • Sandoval Regional Medical Center
  • Veterans Affairs Medical Center

In addition to a rich learning environment, you'll find that New Mexico has a unique landscape, as well as a wide variety of outdoors and cultural activities to explore.

Residency Program Options

Applicants for the UNM residency program have one of two options. An applicant may apply for a spot in our categorical program where the incoming resident will complete the transitional year as well as three advanced years at UNM. Or residents may apply for an advanced spot where only the latter three advanced years will be completed at UNM. In the latter option, residents must have completed an internship or transitional year elsewhere.

After finishing the internship year, the Clinical Anesthesia (CA) years will begin. Residents will begin with a one-month orientation that will include closely supervised time in the operating room (OR), combined with multiple days of simulator practice.

CA1 Residency

CA1 residents take few calls for the first month of their CA1 year. After the first month, residents begin taking approximately four to five calls in regular rotation with other residents, typically with one or two weekend calls per month. Most residents get weekends off two to three times per month unless they participate in the in-house or paid call. With paid call, residents may do a 12- or 24-hour shift at approximately $60 per hour.

OR days are divided into regular hospital days, late days and call days. In the first year of anesthesiology training, the resident will be incrementally exposed to challenging surgical anesthetics. The first month is a one-on-one orientation period with close supervision and additional specialized daily didactic sessions.

Human simulation is introduced to aid in professional training. The majority of the first year is spent in the main operating room of UNM Hospital. However, residents will also rotate through obstetrics and the Outpatient Center. Additional subspecialty months during the CA1 year include airway, neuroanesthesia and acute pain service.

CA2 Residency

In the second year of anesthesiology training, the resident will be required to complete his or her subspecialty rotations. Typically, a resident will gain knowledge and experience in:

  • Pediatric anesthesia
  • Regional anesthesia
  • Cardiothoracic anesthesia
  • Neuroanesthesia
  • Postoperative care units
  • Critical care
  • Advanced airway management
  • Pain management

CA3 Residency

The CA3 resident can choose from various rotations during the senior year, depending on individual goals. Most subspecialty rotations are available, in addition to the advanced clinical track and the clinical scientist track. These are arranged in conjunction with the program director in the spring of the CA2 year. The CA3 resident is also expected to complete an academic project during the senior year. The choices include grand rounds presentations, scholarly works, and traditional research. 

The CA3 year is designed to allow the resident to:

  • Practice in a more independent fashion.
  • Experience more complicated and advanced cases.
  • Hone in on areas of importance or weakness.
  • Participate in research.
  • Deepen knowledge through special projects and advanced didactics.